1835 to 1839
oct 02 - |Texan Revolution +| Texans repulsed a detachment of Mexican cavalry at the Battle of Gonzales. The revolution began.
oct 09 - |Texan Revolution| The Goliad Campaign of 1835 ended when George Collingsworth, Ben Milam, and forty-nine other Texans stormed the presidio at Goliad and a small detachment of Mexican defenders.
oct 28 - |Texan Revolution| Jim Bowie, James Fannin and 90 Texans defeated 450 Mexicans at the Battle of Concepcion, near San Antonio.
nov 03 - The Consultation met to consider options for more autonomous rule for Texas. A document known as the Organic Law outlined the organization and
functions of a new Provisional Government.
nov 08 - |Texan Revolution| The Grass Fight near San Antonio was won by the Texans under Jim Bowie and Ed Burleson. Instead of silver, however, the Texans gained a worthless
bounty of grass.
dec 11 - |Texan Revolution| Mexicans under Gen. Cos surrendered San Antonio to the Texans following the Siege of Bexar. Ben Milam was killed during the extended siege.
x - Bennett publishes the first of his penny press editions.
x - |FINLAND| First edition of the Karelia is published by Elias Lonnrot
x - Hans Christian Anderson starts writing
x - The Toledo War was fought in between the State of Ohio and the Territory of Michigan over the city of Toledo.
feb 03 - |Texan Revolution +| William Barret Travis and a small group of reinforcements arrive at the Alamo, then under the command of James C. Neill.
feb 08 - |Texan Revolution| Former Tennessee congressman David Crockett arrives at the Alamo with a group of volunteers.
feb 12 - |Texan Revolution| Travis is elected commander of the regular army forces at the Alamo. Jim Bowie is chosen to lead the volunteers.
feb 23 - |Texan Revolution| The Mexican army under Antonio López de Santa Anna ?
reach San Antonio. The Texican force retreats into the walled Alamo compound.
mar 01 - |Texan Revolution| Thirty-two men from Gonzales join the besieged forces at the Alamo.
mar 02 - |Texan Revolution| The Texas Declaration of Independence was signed by members of the Convention of 1836 meeting at Washington-on-the-Brazos. An ad interim government was
formed for the newly created Republic of Texas.
mar 06 - |Texan Revolution| Texans under Col. William B. Travis are overwhelmed by the Mexican army after a two-week siege at the Battle of the Alamo in San Antonio. The attack
begins before dawn. When the fighting ends, all of its occupants other than women, children, and Travis' slave Joe, are dead. Losses to the attacking Mexican army are estimated to be at least 600.
mar 06 - The Runaway Scrape begins.
mar 10 - |Texan Revolution| Sam Houston abandons Gonzales in a general retreat eastward to avoid the invading Mexican army.
mar 20 - |Texan Revolution| Following a battle near Coleto Creek, the Texan force led by James W. Fannin is captured.
mar 21 - |Texan Revolution| James Fannin and nearly 400 Texans were executed by the Mexicans at the Goliad Massacre, under order of Santa Anna.
apr 21 - |Texan Revolution| After retreating eastward for more than a month, the Texian Army defeats the larger Mexican force at the Battle of San Jacinto, capturing General
Santa Anna, and winning independence in one of the most decisive battles in history.
may 14 - |Texan Revolution| The Treaties of Velasco are signed by Santa Anna, promising the cessation of hostilities and the withdrawal of Mexican troops to below the Rio Grande.
jun 28 - James Madison + dies in Montpelier, Virginia
sep - The Constitution of the Republic of Texas + is approved by vote; Sam Houston is elected president.
oct - First Congress of the Republic of Texas convenes.
nov - Santa Anna is released by the Texians and travels to Washington to meet with United States officials.
nov - Martin Van Buren + defeats William Henry Harrison in the U.S. presidential
x - Rowland Hill starts to reform British postal system.
mar 04 - Martin Van Buren + takes office as the eigth Unitied States President.
x - Wheatstone and Cooke patent an electric telegraph in England.
x - Pitman publishes a book on shorthand in England.
x - Daguerre cuts photo exposure time to 20 minutes.
x - Morse invents the telegraph.
x - |Russia ?+|
First Russian railroad, from St. Petersburg to Tsarskoe Selo, opens.
x - Alexandr Pushkin, foremost Russian writer, dies in a duel.
x - Victoria becomes Queen of the United Kingdom.
x - Revolts are staged in Upper and Lower Canada.
x - Louis Braille invents Brialle.
x - Rowlard Hill brings a list of ideas for postage system reforms before the British government.
x - The first electric telegraph (deflected needle technology) installed in England on a 13 mile stretch between Paddington and West Drayton, by
William F. Cooke and Charles Wheatstone [d.1875
x - |ENGLAND| Wheatstone's Stereoscope shows pictures in 3-D.
x - Morse exhibits an electric telegraph in the U.S.
x - Daguerre-Niépce method begins photography craze.
x - First British Consulate opened in Jerusalem.
x - English translation of Immanuel Kant *+
's The Critique of Pure Reason *
x - Cherokee Indians were forcibly removed from their homeland in the Appalachian Mountains.
x - |STATUS|
By now every eastern state of the USA but Vermont has railroads.
x - Charles Knight patented a method of colour printing with four blocks rotated and impressed in turn on to a sheet of paper
aug 19 - Louis J.M. Daguerre's invention of one-of-a-kind photochemical pictures on a metal plate (daguerreotype) is bought by the French government
and made public
nov - The Texas Congress first met in Austin, the frontier site selected for the capital of the Republic.
x - Herschel invents hypo fixative.
x - |RUSSIA| Jacobi invents electrotyping, the duplicating of printing plates.
x - Electricity runs a printing press.
x - Fox Talbot in England prints photographs from negatives.
x - The first bicycle is invented.
x - Ozone is discovered by Christian Schwann.
x - The Diet in Hungary passes legislation to make Magyar the official language of Hungary, and to free the peasants' holdings from feudal obligations.