Unsorted 1961 Events [Bottom]
02 - Confederate guns trained on Fort Sumter
03 - |Russia ?+|
Alexander II + emancipates the serfs.
08 - Provisional Confederate Constitution adopted
09 - Mississippi secedes
09 - Confederates fire on "Star of the West," a U.S. transport harboring troops and supplies
09 - Jeff Davis named president of the Confederacy
10 - Florida secedes
11 - Constitution of Confederacy adopted
11 - Alabama secedes
19 - Georgia secedes
21 - Jeff Davis leaves U.S. Senate
26 - Louisiana secedes
29 - Kansas joins Union just as other states are leaving
30 - Monitor launched by Union
01 - Texas seceded from the Federal Union following a 171 to 6 vote by the Secession Convention. Governor Sam Houston was one of a small minority opposed to secession.
04 - |ALABAMA| Convention of 6 seceded states in Montgomery
08 - Constitution of Confederacy adopted
09 - Jeff Davis named Provisional President
11 - Provisional CSA government adopted, sent to states for ratification
11 - US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
18 - Jeff Davis inaugurated President CSA
00 - 27 states remain in Union
04 - President Lincoln inaugurated
12 - 4:30 a.m. - |US Civil War ?+| The South fires on Fort
14 - Sumter lowers U.S. flag and surrenders - Southern troops fire salute to US flag
15 - President Lincoln calls for 75,000 militia
17 - President Davis initiates Privateering against Union shipping
17 - Proclamation of the kingdom of Italy.
17 - Virginia Secedes
18 - Union abandons Harpers Ferry Arsenal, W. Virginia
19 - Lincoln authorizes blockade of Confederate seacoast
19 - |BALTIMORE, MA| Secessionist mob attacks Union troops
20 - |Virginia| Navy yard at Norfolk is evacuated by Union
29 - Maryland says no to secession
03 - Anaconda Plan formulated by Union Gen. Winfield Scott
06 - Virginia secedes despite objections of its western counties
06 - Arkansas secedes
06 - Confederate Congress declares war on United States
20 - North Carolina secedes
20 - Kentucky declares neutrality
21 - Richmond declared Confederate capital
03 - |Virginia| Battle of Phillippi.
08 - Tennessee secedes
10 - |Virginia| Confederates win minor battle at Big Bethel
11 - West Virginia secedes from Virginia to become a new Union state
11 - | W. Virginia| McClellan makes name at Rich Mountains.
18 - Bull Run campaign begins with Blackburn's Ford
21 - |MANASSAS, VA| First battle of Bull Run.
25 - McClellan named commander of Union forces
27 - McClellan placed in command of all Union troops
10 - |Missouri| Confederates defeat Union at Wilson's Creek
20 - |Missouri| Confederates capture garrison at Lexington
27 - |N. Carolina| Three day battle at Hatteras Inlet
29 - |N. Carolina| Fort Hatteras captured by Union
06 - Grant and troops move into Paducah, Ky.
19 - |Virginia| Battle of Carnifix Ferry
21 - |Virginia| Confederates win at Ball's Bluff
22 - Advance units of the newly formed Brigade of General H. H. Sibley marched westward from San Antonio to claim New Mexico and the American southwest
for the Confederacy.
24 - Western Union completes telegraph line
31 - Missouri secedes, pro-Union forces and government reverse
07 - |MISSOURI| Confederates beat Grant at Belmont
07 - |S. CAROLINA| Union takes Port Royal
08 - Trent Affair begins with arrest of Southern commissioners
00 - Legal Tender Act - paper currency accepted, unbacked by gold
-Telegraph brings Pony Express to an abrupt end.
-First chemical means to color photography.
-Oliver Wendell Holmes invents stereoscope.
-Alexander II's Russian Act of Emancipation frees the serfs.
-Eberhard Faber builds in New York City the first pencil factory in the United States
-Villeroi obtained a contract from the U. S. Navy for the 46-foot-long submarine ?+
-William I becomes king of Prussia.
-The first Italian parliament is convened by Victor Emmanuel II.
-Great Britian takes possesion of Lagos Island (Nigeria).
-Bismark is made foreign minister of Prussia.
- Horaces L. Hunley was approved for priviteering operation of "Pioneer," by the CSS - a 20-foot long three-man submarine
designed and built by James McClintock.