1871 to 1875
oct 06 - Fisk University's Jubilee Singers begin their first national tour. They will become world-famous singers of black spirituals.
x - Edison marries Mary Stilwell
x - German Empire founded after defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian War and William I is proclaimed Kaiser.
x - BC becomes a province of Canada.
x - The telegraph links Australia and Europe
x - |JAPAN| Imperial decree abolishes all fiefs.
x - |JAPAN| A ministry of education is created, to provide universal education.
x - Italy is unified, with Rome as its capital.
x - Halftone process allows newspaper printing of pictures.
x - During the period of the Paris Commune uprising French Republican calendar+
sees a brief resurgance.
x - |Ireland ?| Rioting in Belfast following Catholic Lady Day march.
x - |JAPAN| Introduction of universal military services.
x - Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleyev publishes his periodic table.
x - |JAPAN| Gas streetlights come to Tokyo.
x - Duplex technology, which allowed the transmission of one telegraph message in each direction, patented by Joseph B. Stearns of Boston
x - Western Union company implements a new secure system for telegraphic transfer of sums up to $6,000 in 15 designated major cities, and up $100 throughout the rest of USA. The system divides the country in 20 regions each with uniquely numbered, secure code books and passwords known only to regional supervisors
x - Wood pulp will be the source of paper, thanks to Swedish sulfite process.
x - |USA ?| Reform Judaism
establishes Union of American Hebrew Congregations
x - Russia captures Khiva.
x - P.E.I joins the Canadian Confederation.
x - Alexander Mackenzie is elected Prime Minister of Canada.
x - Color photos are first developed.
x - U.S. postcard debuts; costs one penny.
x - Illustrated daily newspaper appears in New York.
x - Maxwell publishes theory of radio waves.
x - Remington and Co. buys Christopher Shole's prototype typewriter and puts it on the market
x - Typewriters get the QWERTY keyboard.
x - Lord Kelvin calculates the tides with a machine.
x - |Ireland ?| May uses
selenium to send a signal through the Atlantic cable.
x - Edgar Degas ?¢ paints "The Cotton Exchange at New Orleans" while visiting Louisiana.
x - Captain James Buchanan Eads finishes the bridge across the Mississippi at St. Louis. Using steel supplied by Andrew Carnegie, Eads incorporates a triple arch design. The construction amazes the engineering world; Eads will be the first American engineer to be awarded the Albert Medal of the Royal Society of Arts in London.
x - Hawaii signs a ten year free trade agreement with the USA to give it access to the U.S. sugar market.
x - Automatic telegraph linking 4-6 sending/receiving apparata to a single line, invented in France by Jean Maurice Baudot
x - Quadruplex technology, which allowed simultaneous transmission of two telegraph messages in each direction is invented by Thomas Alva Edison
x - Universal Postal Union formed.
mar 01 - Congress approves the Civil Rights Act guaranteeing equal rights to black Americans in public accommodations and jury duty. The act will be invalidated by the Supreme Court in 1883.
mar 03 - Blanche Kelso Bruce (Rep) of Mississippi took his seat in the United States Senate. He would become the first African-American to serve a full six-year term. Not until 1969 did another black American begin a Senate term.
jul 10 - |N. CAROLINA| Mary McLeod Bethune born in Mayesville
sep 04 to 06 - |MISSISSIPPI| Over 20 black Americans were killed in a massacre in Clinton.
dec 19 - |VIRGINIA| Carter Godwin Woodson born in New Canton.
x - |Ireland ?| Charles Stewart Parnell elected as Member of Parliament for County Meath.
x - George F. Green of Kalamazoo, Michigan, invents an electric powered device to drill teeth.
x - |USA ?| Carey designs a selenium mosaic to transmit a picture.
x - Edison invents the mimeograph.