1895 to 1899
feb 20 - African-American leader and statesman Frederick Douglass dies
mar 11-12 - Whites attacked black workers in New Orleans. Six blacks
sep 18 - Booker T. Washington deliveres his famous "Atlanta Compromise"
address at the Atlanta Cotton States Exposition. He said the "Negro problem" would be solved
by a policy of gradualism and accommodation.
oct 31 - Buster Keaton is born [d.feb 01, 1966]
x - Several Baptist organizations combined to form the National
Baptist Convention of the U.S.A.; the Baptist church is the largest black religious denomination in the United States.
x - 113 black Americans are known to have been lynched this year.
x - HG Wells *
publishes "The Time Machine *" and becomes a full time writer.
x - George Eastman produces the hand held Kodak camera.
x - Using ideas developed by Nikola Tesla ?+, George
Westinghouse designed a generating system and won a contract to build a power station at
x - France's Lumiere brothers build a portable movie camera.
x - Paris audience sees movies projected.
x - |England ?+|
Friese-Greene invents phototypesetting.
x - Dial telephones go into Milwaukee's city hall.
x - Rudolph Valentino ?+¢ born in Castellaneta.
[d.aug 23 1926]
may 18 - The Supreme Court decides in Plessy v. Ferguson that "separate but
equal" facilities satisfy Fourteenth Amendment guarantees, thus giving legal sanction to
Jim Crow segregation laws.
jul 21 - The National Association of Colored Women is formed. Mary
Church Terrell chosen president.
nov 03 - William McKinley(rep) elected president.
x - George Washington Carver was appointed director of agricultural
research at Tuskegee Institute. His work advanced peanut, sweet potato, and soybean farming.
x - 78 black Americans are known to have been lynched.
x - Ethiopians defeat Italians at Adowa.
x - Wilfred Laurier is elected Canada's seventh prime minister.
x - First public showing of a motion picture, in NY city.
x - Sheikh Mubarak becomes ruler of Kuwait, after killing his two brothers.
x - Underwood model permits typists to see what they are typing.
x - The monotype sets type by machine in single characters.
x - Electric power is used to run a paper mill.
x - |England ?+]
The motion picture
projector is manufactured.
x - X-ray photography.
x - Rural free delivery (RFD) inaugurated.
x - Theodore Herzl publishes The Jewish State
x - The similarity of the motion of an electron and visible light is first
described by J. J. Thompson.
x - The kingdom of Benin is added to the Niger Coast Protectorate.
x - |England ?+|
Postmen deliver mail to every home.
x - |Germany ?
| Braun improves Crookes' tube with fluorescence.
x - General Electric creates a publicity department.
x - Edwin S. Votey, patents his self-playing piano, which he calls the
pianola. The instrument uses instructions recorded on perforated paper to drive a set of
artificial wooden fingers poised above a piano keyboard. Later versions placed the entire
mechanism inside the body of the piano, eliminating the fingers.
x - Marconi obtained a radio patent and established the Wireless
Telegraph and Signal Company Limited
x - First Jewish Zionist congress
apr 21 - The Spanish-American War begins.
jul 25 - The American army invades Puerto Rico. For the next two years
Puerto Rico is governed by a US military occupation.
sep 15 - The National Afro-American Council. It elects Bishop Alexander
Walters its first president.
nov 10 - |N. CAROLINA| In
Wilmington eight black Americans were killed during white rioting.
x - |CHINA| Guang
Xu emporer adopts the reforms of Kang Youwei [b.mar 19 1858-
d.mar 31 1927]. The reforms are repeeled soon after.
x - Photographs taken by artificial light.
x - New York State passes a law against misleading advertising.
x - |CHINA ?+|
Manchu emperor tries 100 day reforms.
x - Fashoda incident.
x - Russian Social Democratic Labour Party founded after Marxist
x - Italian physician Camillo Golgi first describes the Golgi apparatus.
x - America helps Cuba become "independent" from Spain - in exchange
American troops run the Cuban government for the next four years.
x - 101 black Americans are known to have been lynched.
x - The J.P. Holland torpedo boat company launches the first practical
submarine ?+, commissioned by the U.S. Navy. The test is successful. Holland gets orders
for six more.
x - The Curies discover radiation.
x - |England ?+|
Wireless Telegraph and Signal Company Limited which opens the world's first radio ?+ factory at
jun 04 - The Afro-American Council designate this as a national day of
fasting to protest lynchings and massacres.
x - 85 black Americans are known to have been lynched
x - Kuwait and Britian sign a bilateral agreement giving Britian the
responsibility for Kuwait's defense and foreign affairs.
x - Boer War ?+¢ begins.
x - The Hague conference esablishes the Permadent Court of International
x - The loudspeaker.
x - Sound is recorded magnetically by Poulsen of Denmark.
x - American Marconi Company incorporated; forerunner of RCA.
x - |Ireland ?|
The United Irishman newspaper founded by Arthur Griffith.
c - Edgar Degas ?¢ paints "Four Dancers"