1917 h1 Timeline
01 - Turkey declares its independence of suzerainty of European powers.
01 - Ivernia, Cunard liner, is sunk in Mediterranean.
03 - World War I Germany announces resumption of unrestricted U-boat warfare
10 - World War I Allies state war objectives in response to Wilson's peace note of dec 16 1916.
10 - Buffalo Bill Cody, army scout & Indian fighter, dies.
20 - Columbia becomes the first American label to record a major American orchestra, the New York Philharmonic conducted by Stransky. For Columbia, conductor Felix Weingartner already had made an orchestral recording with the Columbia Symphony Orchestra, c.1912.
03 - World War I US liner Housatonic sunk by German sub & diplomatic relations severed. Count Von Bernstorff is handed his passports.
04 - Belgium Council of Flanders established.
05 - British General Staff estimates that no more than 250,000 American soldiers could be in Europe even after a year
05 - Present Mexican constitution adopted.
07 - World War I California, an Anchor liner, is sunk off Irish coast.
13 - Chief of British Imperial General Staff Sir William Roberston expresses grave doubts about American fighting capabilities
13 - World War I Afric, a White Star liner, sunk by submarine.
16 - 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid.
17 - World War I British troops on the Ancre capture German positions.
20 - Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor, about 1,500 die.
21 - British Mendi sinks off Isle of Wight, 627 die.
22 - World War I German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships.
23 - February revolution begins in Russia.
24 - World War I Great Britain releases Zimmermann Note to US. German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed
25 - World War I Laconia, Cunard liner, sunk off Irish coast.
26 - World War I President Wilson requests authority from Congress to arm US merchant ships.
26 - Kut-el-Amara recaptured from Turks by new British Mesopotamian expedition under command of Gen. Sir Stanley Maude.
28 - AP reports Mexico and Japan will ally with Germany if US enters WW I.
02 - Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, US citizenship granted.
03 - British advance on Bapaume.
03 - Mexico denies having received an offer from Germany suggesting an alliance.
10 - Tsar Nicholas II suspends sittings of the Duma.
11 - Bagdad captured by British forces under Gen. Maude.
12 - Wilson announces arming of merchant ships by executive order
14 - China breaks with Germany.
15 - Culmination of "February Revolution"; Tsar Nicholas II abdicates. Prince Lvoff heads new cabinet.
17 - Bapaume falls to British. Roye and Lassigny occupied by French.
18 - World War I Peronne, Chaulnes, Nesle and Noyon evacuated by Germans, who retire on an 85-mile front.
18 - World War I American ships: City of Memphis, Illinois, and Vigilancia torpedoed.
19 - Labor US Supreme Court upheld 8-hr work day for railroad employees.
20 - World War I Wilson's Cabinet votes unanimously for war
26 - -mar 31 1917 British advance on Cambrai.
23 - Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US.
28 - Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities.
31 - US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M & renames them Virgin Islands.
01 - World War I Aztec, American armed ship, sunk in submarine zone.
01 - Music Scott Joplin, ragtime composer (Sting), dies at 48.
02 - World War I Woodrow Wilson delivers war address to Congress at 8:32 pm and asks Congress to declare war against Germany.
02 - Jeannette Rankin becomes 1st women member of US House of Reps.
05 - Missourian, American steamer, sunk in Mediterranean.
06 - World War I United States declares war on Germany.
07 - World War I Cuba and Panama at war with Germany.
08 - Austria-Hungary breaks with United States.
09 - World War I Germans retreat before British on long front.
09 - Bolivia breaks with Germany.
09 - World War I Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops.
09 - World War I Battle of Arras begins.
10 - Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers.
13 - World War I Vimy, Givenchy, Bailleul and positions about Lens taken by Canadians.
16 - Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution.
19 - Sports 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of NY in 2:28:37.2.
20 - Turkey breaks with United States.
22 - World War I President Wilson suggests to the belligerents a peace without victory.
31 - World War I Germany announces intention of sinking all vessels in war zone around British Isles.
04 - Arabs sack Tel Aviv.
09 - Liberia breaks with Germany.
10 - World War I Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks.
11 - Russian Council of Workmen's and Soldiers' Delegates demands peace conference.
11 - Britain grants Royal Letters Patent to New Zealand.
13 - 1st appearance of Mary to 3 shepherd children in Fatima, Portugal.
17 - Honduras breaks with German.
18 - World War I Conscription begins, with the Selective Service Act signed by President Woodrow Wilson.
19 - Nicaragua breaks with Germany.
20 - World War I, Aviation First aircraft sinking of a submarine, the German U-36, in the North Sea by a British flying boat.
20 - Turkish govt authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv & Jaffa.
27 - Race riot in East St Louis Illinois, 1 black killed.
28 - Pershing leaves New York harbor for France aboard Baltic
02 - Military, Aviation Aviation Section became the Airplane Division of the Army Signal Corps, and Maj. B. D. Foulois was appointed officer-in-charge on jul 23 1917.
04 - Aviation Aircraft Production Board and the Joint Technical Board on Aircraft authorized the construction of five prototype models of 8- and the 12-cylinder Liberty motors.
04 - Order of British Empire inaugurated.
07 - World War I General Staff issues plan to ship American forces at a rate of 120,000 per month beginning in aug 1917. This rate of dispatch would not be realized until apr 1918.
07 - Messines-Wytschaete ridge in English hands.
08 - Gen. Pershing, Commander-in-Chief of American expeditionary force, arrives in England en route to France.
08 - Walt Disney graduates from Benton High School.
12 - Secret Service extends protection of president to his family.
13 - Germany bombs London.
14 - Woodrow Wilson, in his Flag Day Address, declares that the initial American Expeditionary Force will be followed by more soldiers as quickly as possible, and that these soldiers will not be held in the US for training.
14 - Gen Pershing has staff arrived in Paris.
17 - British king George V takes the name Windsor.
23 - Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000.
24 - Russian Black Sea fleet mutiny at Sebastopol.
26 - World War I First US troops,1st US Expeditionary Force (1st Division), arrive in France
28 - Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam.
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