July - December 1923 Timeline
04 - Sports Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
08 - Harding becomes 1st sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla).
10 - All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy.0151555478
15 - Italian parliament accepts new constitution.
17 - Music First racially mixed recording session; "Mr. Jelly Lord" is recorded by Jelly Roll Mortonand his New Orleans Rhythm Kings for the Gennett Co., Richmond, Ind.
18 - England's House of Lords accepts new divorce law.
20 - Mexico Mexican rebel leader Pancho Villa Doroteo Arango is assassinated in Parral at 55.
24 - Politics Allied Powers & Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne. The Treaty of Lausanne repudiated the Treaty of Sevres.
25 - German mark devalued to 600,000 Dmark = $1.
29 - Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin.
30 - Music Master jazz clarinetist Sidney Bechet makes his first recording, "Wild Cat Blues,"for Okeh in New York City.
01 - Labor Procter and Gamble guarantees employees at least 48 weeks employment a year.
02 - President Warren Harding 1921-1923 dies of apoplectic stroke at the Palace Hotel in San Francisco. He is succeeded by Calvin Colidge.
03 - VP Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th president.
05 - Henry Sullivan is the 1st American to swim English Channel.28 hours
06 - Henry Sullivan swims English channel in 28 hours
13 - Labor U.S. Steel offers 8-hour workday following the urgings of President Harding.
13 - Turkish National Congress selects Moestafa Kemal Pasja as president.
16 - Labor Carnegie Steel Company starts eight-hour work day.
20 - Vilfredo Pareto dies
31 - Mussolini's troops occupy Korfu.
31 - League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German).
01 - Great Kanto Earthquake. One-third of Tokyo and Yokohama, Japan destroyed by an estimated 7,9 to 8.3 magnitude earthquake; 105,385 killed, 800,000 casualties, 37,00 missing an presumed dead. Most of the fatalities were caused by 88 fires which broke out separately and spread rapidly due to high winds from a typhoon near the Noto Peninsula. In several places, firestorms were observed—the largest of which claimed at least 30,000 lives at Rikugun Honjo Hifukusho. As the earthquake had caused water mains to break, putting out the fires took nearly two full days until late in the morning of September 3.
06 - Queen Wilhelmina celebrates 25 year jubilee.
10 - Irish Free state joins League of Nations.
12 - Politics International Convention for suppression of obscene literature signed by several nations, including the U.S.
14 - Sports Jack Dempsey KOs Luis Firpo in 2 for heavyweight boxing title.
15 - Gov Walton of Oklahoma declares state of siege because of KKK terror.
23 - 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law.
27 - Italian troops leave occupied Korfu.
28 - The Radio Times, the B.B.C. program listing, a perennial British favorite, publishes its first issue.
28 - Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations.
02 - British occuping army leaves Constantinople.
05 - Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star.
06 - USSR adopts experimental calendar.
13 - Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital.
16 - John Harwood patents self-winding watch (Switzerland).
16 - Disney Co founded.
25 - Teapot Dome Scandal Teapot Dome Scandal heats up. Senate begins investigating Teapot Dome scandals of Harding admin.
26 - Film Japanese director Kenji Mizoguchi, one of the great artists in film history, directs hisfirst film Yoru (The Night).
29 - Politics Turkey becomes a republic under the leadership of Mustapha Kemal (later known as Mustafa Kemal Ataturk), who abolishes religious authority (the caliphate) and introduces many modern social reforms. Kemel Rules Turkey until 1938.
06 - Col Jacob Schick patents 1st electric shaver.0684852950
06 - USSR adopts experimental calendar, with 5-day "weeks".
08 - GermanyPolitics Adolf Hitler's "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich fails. Hitler is arrested and sentenced to 5 years in prison.
09 - Beer Hall Putsch-Nazis fail to overthrow govt, 16 die/Hitler flees.
12 - In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power Nov 8.
22 - Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death.
26 - Radio B.B.C makes its first experimental transatlantic radio broadcast to the U.S.
00 - Hyper inflation in Germany. It takes 7000 German marks to buy an American dollar.
00 - The Southern Transcontinental Long Distance Telephone Line opened for service connecting Chicago and Los Angeles through Denver, El Paso, Tucson and Phoenix.
04 - Cecil B DeMille's 1st version of "Ten Commandments" premieres.
06 - USARadio President Calvin Coolidge delivered his message to a joint session of Congress was the first presidential message to be broadcast.
08 - Salary & price freeze in Germany.
08 - German-US friendship treaty signed.
17 - Greek king George II overthrown by army/republic.
18 - International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco.
21 - Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation.
27 - Unsuccessful attempt on prince-regent Hirohito of Japan.
29 - USA Vladimir Zworykin applies for a patent for his television system, after inventing a key component for television, the iconoscope, a precursorof the cathhode ray tube.
31 - 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester.
31 - BBC begins using Big Ben chime ID.
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