99 To 50 Bce
x - Military Technology Romans develop the pilum, a five foot long weapon with one-third of it being a spear head. It had short range but the head was of soft iron and bent back when hitting an object. This prevented it from being thrown back at them and helped it hook into an enemy's shields.
c - Roman philosopher and poet Titus Lucretius Carus is born. He will write De Rerum Natura
x - The Social War between Rome and her Italian allies breaks out.
x - King Mithriades VI Eupator of Pontos massacres 80,000 Romans in Asia minor and frees most of southern Greece from Roman rule.
x - Lex Pompeia grants Roman citizenship all free people in Italy.
x - Raids on Pontic territories start the First Mithradatic War.
x - The Roman Social War ends.
x - Lucius Cornelius Sulla, a renegade army commander, marches on Rome, and an even more convulsive and bloody Civil War begins. u.81
x - Roman General Sulla seizes Athens.
x - King Mithriades VI Eupator of Pontos is defeated in Asia and Greece by the Romans.
x - Julius Caesar a.16 marries Cornelia, the daughter of one of his uncle's associates.
x - The Second Mithradatic War starts.B00000JYWU
x - The Second Mithradic War is ended.
x - Lucius Cornelius Sulla aka Felix is made dictator of Rome, and issues a list of over 4,000 people to be executed, including 40 senators. Included in his orders is that young Julius Caesar divorce Cornelia. Julius Caesar leaves Rome, refusing to obey.
x - Civil wars in Rome end.
x - Lucius Cornelius Sulla aka Felix resigns his post as dictator, and retires.
x - Lucius Cornelius Sulla aka Felix dies.
x - The slave revolt of Spartacus begins.
x - Spartacusís slave revolt, involving an army of 90,000 former slaves and outlaws, is put down by Cassius and Pompey.
x - Virgil aka Vergil, Publius Vergilius Maro is born near Mantua.
sep 23 - Caius Octaviun is born
x - Pompey deposes the last of the Maccabess
x - Defeat and death of Catiline.
x - First Triumvirate of Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar.
x - Caesar's daughter Julia marries Pompey.
x - Julius Caesar orders postings ofActa Diurna.
c - Titus Livius Livy is born d.17 CE. He will writeThe history of Rome
x - Cicero b.jan 03 106 - d.dec 07 43 is forced into excile for his "hasty" action towards stopping a conspiracy in Rome.
x - Caesar's Gallic Wars u.51
x - Mark Anthony works as a cavalry leader, for Rome, in Palestine and Egypt u.56
x - Julius Caesar unsuccessfully attacks England
c - Titus Lucretius Carus dies.
x - Julia, Ceasors daughter and Pompey's wife, dies.
x - Mark Anthony serves in Gaul.
x - Julius Caesar makes his second, slightly more successful attack on England.
x - Lutetia is built, the future Paris
x - 17 year old Cleopatra VII of Egypt marries her twelve year old brother Ptolemy XII and they jointly succeed the throne of Egypt.
x - Octavian starts public speaking, delivering the funeral speech at his grandmother's funeral.
c - Julius Caesar writes his account of the Gallic Wars.
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