349 To 300 Bce
x - Plato dies.0521497817
x - Aristotle moves to Assos, in Asia Minor, and becomes the councillor of it's ruler Hermias.
x - Philip II of Macedonia makes peace with Athens.
x - On behalf of the Thebans Philip II of Macedonia attacks Phocis.
x - Hermias, ruler of Assos, is captured and killed by the Persians.
x - Aristotle moves to Pella where he becomes the tutor Phillip II's son Alexander.
x - Artaxerxes III of Persia reconquers Egypt.
x - Epicurus, a Greek philosopher, is born on the island of Samos.
x - The Latin War begins.
x - Phillip II of Macedonia decisively beats a comnbined force of Athenians and Thebens at the Battle of Chaironeia.
x - The Athenians unite with the Thebans against Philip II of Macedon but are defeated in the battle of Chaeronea. Philip II is the complete ruler of Greece .
x - Death of Artaxerxes III of Persia, poisoned by the eunuch Bagoas. He is succeeded by his son Oarses.
x - Philip II is assassinated while preparing to invade Persia, Alexander l.Alexander the Great takes the throne.
x - Death of Oarses of Persia, poisoned, like his father, by the eunuch Bagoas. He is succeeded by his cousin, a great-grandson of Darius II, who becomes king under the name Darius III.
x - Aristotle returns to Athens to establish his own school, the Lyceum.
x - Alexander begins his war against Persia.
x - Alexander the Great of Macedonia defeats Persians at Issus. Persian King Darius III flees.
x - Graeco-Roman Period. u.395 CE
x - Alexander besieges and then captures both Tyre and Gaza. Alexander defeats Darius III army at the Battle of Gaugamela.
x - Alexander the Great captures Tyre, Gaza and Egypt. He founds the city of Alexandria.
oct 01 - Alexander the Great defeats King Darius in the Battle of Guagamela. Darius again flees as he did in Issus s.333 CE, but is killed by his own generals.
x - Alexander the Great makes a pilgramage to the temple of Amon-Ra.
x - Alexander the Great introduces opium to the people of Persia and India.
x - Alexander the Great captures and burns the Persian capital of Persepolis.
x - Alexander the Great crosses the Punjab river and invades India.
x - Epicurus goes to Athens to perform military service.
x - Alexander the Great dies at Babylon and his kingdom is divided between his successors. Antipater, a general who had ruled in Macedonia while Alexander was away, is assigned Macedonia. Ptolemy is given Egypt and Libya. Parts of Asia Minor went to Antigonus I. Chandragupta Maurya of the Magadha tribe gains control over the Punjab.
x - During the anti-Macedonian agitation after Alexander's death Aristotle flees to Chalcis.
x - Aristotle dies in Chalcis.
x - Epicurus joins his father in Colophon, and starts teaching.
x - Seleucus I Nicator, a general of Alexander's army, becomes satrap of Babylon.
x - Seleucus I Nicator, satrap of Babylon, becomes King of Babylon.
x - Epicurus founds a philosophical school in Mitilini.B00000JYWU
x - Epicurus becomes head of a school in in Lampsacus
x - Demetrius Poliorcetes son of King Antigonus I called Monophtalmus defeats Ptolemy I of Egypt in a battle at Salamis
x - Epicurus returns to Athens to teach there.
x - King Seleucus of Syria attempts to invade the Magadha kingdom (India) but is defeated.
x - Ptolemy I assumes the title of King (of Egypt and Libya).
x - Seleucus I Nicator, King of Babylon, joins the confederation against Macedonia.
x - Seleucus I Nicator, King of Babylon adds Syria to his kingdom.
x - King Antigonus I of Macedonia is defeated and killed, much of his property being taken.
x - Zeno of Citium founded Stoisism.
c - Military Technology Mechanical artillery began to use torsion in addition to tension power. Torsion allowed larger and more powerful engines to be built. Torsion catapults could send a javelin 800 yards. Catapults hurled arrows and darts, ballista hurled stones. Very large catapults hurled stones.
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