399 To 350 Bce
x - Plato leaves Athens to travel to Italy, Sicily and Egypt.
x - Sparta sends an army against the Persians in Asia Minor.
c - Military Technology Dionysus the Elder of Syracuse directs his engineers to construct military engines for the war with Carthage. The gastrophetes, a large crossbow, is an early example of mechanical artillery.
x - The city of Veii is conquered by Romans.0521497817
x - Sparta is forced to call its army back to help fight a coalition including Athens, Corinth, Argos and Thebes, a fight known as the Corinthian War.
x - Persian fleet defeats the Spartan fleet off Cnidus and begin to overthrow Greeks from the Aegean.
x - Aristophanes writes the play Ecclesiazusa.
x - The Gauls under the leadership of the chieftain Brennius sack Rome.
x - Aristophanes writes the play Plutus.
x - Sparta allies itself with Persia and inforces the Peace of Antalcidas on its subject states.
x - Artaxerxes II mediates between Athens & Sparta, leading to the "King's Peace".
x - The Roman's are defeated at Ali by Celtic Gauls.
x - Plato founds the Academy.
x - Pelopidas leads an uprising in Thebes against the Spartans, supported by Athens.
x - Aristophanes dies.
x - Aristotle is born. d.322
x - Sparta invades Thebes and captures the city of Olynthus.
x - Sparta invades Thebes.
x - Philip II of Macedonia is born.
c - Hippocrates begins the scientific study of medicine.
x - With the help of Athens Theban general Pelopidas leads an uprising and expells the Spartan occupation force.Sparta resumes war with Athens and Thebes.
x - The Battle of Leuctra ends the war between Athens, Thebes and Sparta. Thebes is victor establishing itself as the leading Greek state, commencing a period of civil unrest.
x - Approximate death of Leucippus, a Greek philosopher.
x - Philip aka Philip II of Macedonia in 358 is held hostage in Thebes, where he learns from their military.
x - Philip aka Philip II of Macedonia in 358 returns from Thebes.
x - Thebes looses its high position in the Battle of Mantinea and the Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
x - Philip aka Philip II of Macedonia in 358 is made regent for his infant nephew.
x - Death of Artaxerxes II, king of Persia at more than 90. After more palace struggle and assassinations, one of his sons, succeeds him under the name Artaxerxes III.
x - Philip siezes control of the Macedonian throne for himself becoming Philip II of Macedon.
x - Social War- between Macedon and Athens. u.346
x - Philip II of Macedonia captures the Athenian colony of Amphipolis in Thrace.
x - In Rome the maximum interest rate is set at 8 1/3 percent.
x - Philip II of Macedonia captures Potidea in Chalcidice and Pydna on the Thermaic Gulf
x - The temple of Delphi is destroyed in the Sacred War.
x - 7 Wonders The Temple of Artemis (Diana) at Ephesus burned and was rebuilt on the same foundation.
x - Philip II of Macedon captures Potidea in Chalcidice and Pydna on the Thermaic Gulf
x - Philip II of Macedonia captures Methone and then Thessaly.
x - Lord Shang was made chief minister in China .
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